Western Civilization Discussion/Quotastions
Implicit in the humanistic educational ideal was a radical transformation of the Christian idea of men and women.
According to the medieval Augustinian view, men and women were not only incapable of attaining excellence
through their own efforts and talents, but it was wrong and sinful for them even to try. Human beings were
subject to divine will. In contrast, the humanists made the achievement of excellence through individual striving
the end not only of education but of life itself. Because individual were capable of this goal, it was their duty to
pursue it as an end of life. The pursuit was not effortless...it took extraordinary energy and skill.
The Communist Manifesto 1848 Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
Know definition of Industrial Revolution
Iron Law of Wages
Bourgeoisie - owners of the means of production
Proletariat - non owners of the means of production
means of production = factories
Essentials of Marx
achieved through a Revolution
To attain the communist motto
From each according to his ability
To each according to his needs
socialism and communism have 1 major goal in common
a better more eqitable distribution of wealth
socialists want to get there through a slow process, more evolutionary than revolutionary, through ethical and
moral means and even working within the capitalist structure.
Communists want to get to a more equitable distribution of wealth through a revolution,no morality or ethics
(the end justifies the means) and the total destruction of capitalism
dialectical historical materiamism
It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but on the contrary, their existence which
determines their consciousness.