PROGRAM: Social Science


COURSE TITLE: Terrorism: September 11, 2001


PREREQUISITES: Junior Standing


A selected history of terrorism from biblical times to the 21st century. The course will focus on terrorism aimed
at the United States on foreign soil and within the borders of America. Special attention will be given to the
events of September 11, 2001.

Campus Emergency Closure

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1. This course will examine the development of terrorism through the use of violence to achieve either or both
religious and political goals from biblical times to the present.

2. This course will include a study of early manifestations of terrorist organizations including the ?zealots,?
assassins? or ?Ismailis? in the pre-modern era.

3. Special attention will be devoted to the 20th century acts of terrorism feuled by fierce nationalistic and
ideological commitments involving Palestine, Israel, Germany, Italy, Japan and ultimately the United States.

4. This course will focus on the events leading to September 11, 2001 and the impact of the destruction of the
World Trade Center on American political, economic, social and military life.


Students will be able to:

1. understand and articulate the definition of terrorism from different world perspectives

2. describe how the events of September 11, 2001 changed the U.S. perception and reaction to acts of

3. understand that international terrorism is not a 20th century phenomena but has historical roots stretching
into the Old Testament of biblical chronology

4. articulate how international terrorism was transformed originally from religious motivations to political
organizations in the late 19th and 20th centuries

5. trance the development and impact of terrorist organizations in Spain, France, Italy, Russia, Japan, The
Middle East and eventually The United States

6. understand the development of terrorist organizations in The Middle East and how various individuals
manipulated positions of power and leadership

7. understand the events leading up to September 11, 2001 and the immediate impact upon America


1. Definitions of Terrorism

2. The Old Testament and Violence

3. Early Manifestations of Terrorist Organizations * ZEALOTS - 1st century Jewish sect * ASSASSINS or
ISMAILIS - 12th century Shiite Muslims in Iran C 4. Modern Terrorism - General C The Jewish Stern Gang -
1946 C Germany?s Baader - Meinhof Gang (now one Red Army Faction) C The Red Brigades in Italy C The
Provisional Irish Republican Army C The Japanese Red Army C The Puerto Rican Armed Forces of National
Liberation C The Palestinian Black September group

5. Terrorism Aimed at the United States on Foreign Soil · In The Middle East - 1983 - Shiite Moslems attack
U.S. Embassies in Beirut, Lebanon and U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut · PAN AM flight 103 over Lockerbie,
Scotland · 1996 - Truck bomb apartment building in Saudi Arabia

6. Terrorism Within the U.S. * Early history of U.S. labor movement * 1993 Bombing of World Trade Center *
Theodore Kaczynski - 1978-1995 * Timothy Mc Veigh - 1996

7. September 11, 2001 * Causes * Parallel with Pearl Harbor C * Immediate political, economic, social and
military impact * The nuclear factor * The biological/chemical possibilities

8. Lessons to be learned from terrorism


Annual Editions: Violence and Terrorism 03/04


The World Trade Center

Gillespie, Angus Kress. Twin Towers: The Life of New York City?s World Trade Center. Rutgers University
Press, 1999.

Sassen, Saskia. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton University Press, 2001.


Crenshaw, Martha. Terrorism in Context. Penn State University Press, 1995.

Falkenrath, Richard A., Newman, Robert D., Thayer, Bradley A. America?s Achilles? Heel: Nuclear, Biological,
and Chemical Terrorism and Covert Attack. The MIT Press, 1998.

Gottschalk, Jack A. Jolly Roger With an Uzi: The Rise and Threat of Modern Piracy. Naval Institute Press, 2000.

Heymann, Philip B. Terrorism and America: A Commonsense Strategy for a Democratic Society. The MIT
Press, 1998.

Hoffman, Bruce. Inside Terrorism. Columbia University Press, 1998.

Institute of Medicine. Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian
Medical Response. National Academy Press, 1999.

Laquer, Walter. The New Terrorism: Fanaticism and the Arms of Mass Destruction. Oxford University Press,

Layne, Scott P., Beugelsdijk, Tony J., and Patel, Kumar N. Firepower in the Lab: Automation in the Fight
Against Infectious Diseases and Bioterrorism. National Academy Press, 2001.

Lesser, Ian O., Hoffman, Bruce, Arquilla, John, Ronfeldt, David F., Zanini, Michele, and Jenkins, Brian Michael.
Countering the New Terrorism. RAND, 1999.

Malik, Omar. Enough of the Definition of Terrorism. Brookings Institute Press, 2001.

Nacos, Brigitte L. Terrorism and the Media: From the Iran Hostage Crisis to the World Trade Center Bombing.
Columbia University Press, 1994.

National Research Council. Black and Smokeless Powders: Technologies for Finding Bombs and the Bomb
Makers. National Academy Press, 1998.

National Research Council. Containing the Threat from Illegal Bombings: An Integrated National Strategy for
Making, Tagging, Rendering Inert, and Licensing Explosives and Their Precursors. National Academy Press,

Oliverio, Annamarie, et al. The State of Terror. State University of New York Press, 1998.

Pillar, Paul R. Terrorism and U.S. Foreign Policy. Brookings Institute Press, 2001.

Reeve, Simon. The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama bin Laden, and the Future of Terrorism. Northeastern
University Press, 1999.

Reich, Walter, and Laqueur, Walter. Origins of Terrorism. The Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1998.

Scanlan, Margaret. Plotting Terror: Novelists and Terrorists in Contemporary Fiction. The University Press of
Virginia, 2001.

Simon, Jeffrey D. Terrorist Trap. Indiana University Press, 2001.

Smith, Brent L. Terrorism in America: Pipe Bombs and Pipe Dreams. State University of New York Press, 1994.

Stern, Jessica. The Ultimate Terrorists. Harvard University Press, 2000.

Tucker, Jonathan B. Toxic Terror: Assessing Terrorist Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons. The MIT
Press, 2000.

Wieviorka, Michel. The Making of Terrorism. University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Grief. Loss, and Trauma

Allen, Jon G., Ph.D. Coping With Trauma. American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 1999.

Attig, Thomas. How We Grieve: Relearning the World. Oxford University Press, 1996.

Barrett, Deirdre. Trauma and Dreams. Harvard University Press, 2001.

Boss, Pauline. Ambiguous Loss: Learning to Live with Unresolved Grief. Harvard University Press, 2000.

Church, Forrest. Life Lines: Holding On (and Letting Go). Beacon Press, 1996.

Eth, Spencer M.D. PTSD in Children and Adolescents: Review of Psychiatry, Volume 20. American Psychiatric
Publishing, In., 2001.

Frankl, Viktor. Man?s Search for Meaning. Beacon Press, 1992.

Fullerton, Carol S., Ph.D., and Ursano, Robert J., M.D. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Acute and Long-Term
Responses to Trauma and Disaster. American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 1997.

Grollman, Rabbi Earl. Bereaved Children and Teens: A Support Guide for Parents and Professionals. Beacon
Press, 1995.

_________________. Living When a Loved One Has Died. Beacon Press, 1995.

Grollman, Rabbi Earl. Talking About Death: A Dialogue Between Parent and Child. Beacon Press, 1991.

Hanh, Thich Nhat. The Miracle of Mindfulness: An Introduction to the Practice of Meditation. Beacon Press,

Henry, DeWitt. Sorrow?s Company: Writers on Loss and Grief. Beacon Press, 2001.

Herbert, Claudia and Wetmore, Ann. Overcoming Traumatic Stress. New York University Press, 2001.

Homans, Peter. Symbolic Loss: The Ambiguity of Mourning and Memory at Century?s End. University of
Virginia Press, 2000.

Kagan, Henya. Gill?s Book: A Journey into Bereavement for Parents and Counselors. Teachers College Press,

van der Kolk, Bessel A., M.D. Psychological Trauma. American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 1986.

Koplow, Lesley. Unsmiling Faces: Creating Preschools Can Heal. Teachers College Press, 1996.

Linafelt, Tod. Surviving Lamentations: Catastrophe, Lament, and Protest in Afterlife of a Biblical Book.
University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Mazure, Carolyn M., Ph.D. Does Stress Cause Psychiatric Illness? American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 1994.

Neuhaus, Richard John. Eternal Pity: Reflections on Dying. University of Notre Dame Press, 2000.

Nussbaum, Martha. Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Rouner, Leroy S. If I Should Die. University of Notre Dame Press, 2001.

Shephard, Ben. A War of Nerves: Soldiers and Psychiatrists in the Twentieth Century. Harvard University
Press, 2001.

Snyder, C.R. Coping With Stress: Effective People and Processes. Oxford University Press, 2001.

Yehuda, Rachel, Ph.D. Psychological Trauma: Review of Psychiatry, Volume 17. American Psychiatric
Publishing, Inc., 1998.

_________________. Risk Factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.,

Catastrophe and Disaster Management

Austin, Linda S., M.D. Responding to Disaster: A Guide for Mental Health Professionals. American Psychiatric
Publishing, Inc., 1992.

Berger, James. After the End: Representations of Post-Apocalypse. University of Minnesota Press, 1999.

Boyer, Paul. When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture. Harvard University
Press, 1994.

Brecher, Michael and Wilkenfeld, Jonathan. A Study of Crisis. The University of Michigan Press, 2000.

Clarke, Lee. Mission Improbable: Using Fantasy Documents to Tame Disaster. University of Chicago Press,

Leaning, Jennifer, Briggs, Susan, and Chen Lincoln C. Humanitarian Crises: The Medical and Public Health
Response. Harvard University Press, 1999.

National Research Council. Blast Mitigation for Structures: 1999 Status Report on the DTRA/TSWG Program.
National Academy Press, 2000.

Roberts, Albert R. Crisis Intervention Handbook. Oxford University Press, 2000.

Weber, Eugen. Apocalypses: Prophesies, Cults, and Millennial Beliefs. Harvard University Press, 2000.

Wolf, Christa. Accident: A Day?s News: A Novel. University of Chicago Press, 1989, 1991, 2001.

War and World History

Allison, Roy and Johnson, Lena. Central Asian Security: The New International Context. Brookings Institute
Press, 2001.

Auerswald, David P. Disarmed Democracier: Domestic Institutions and the Use of Force. The University of
Michigan Press, 2000.

Baum, Gregory. Nationalism, Religion, and Ethics: A Look at the Nationalism and the Modern State.
McGill-Queen?s University Press, 2001.

Brewer, Garry and Shubik, Martin. The War Game: A Critique of Military Problem Solving. Harvard University
Press, 1979.

Carter, Ashton B., and White John P. Keeping the Edge: Managing Defense for the Future. The MIT Press,

Chirot, Daniel. Modern Tyrants: The Power and Prevalence of Evil in Our Age. Princeton University Press,

Clifford, Garry J. and Spencer, Samuel R. Jr. The First Peacetime Draft. University Press of Kansas, 1986.

Colburn, Forrest D. The Vogue of Revolution in Poor Countries. Princeton University Press, 1994.

Conge, Patrick J. From Revolution to War: State Relations in a World of Change. The University of Michigan
Press, 1996.

Craig, Gordon A. and Loewenheim, Francis L. The Diplomats, 1939-1979. Princeton University Press, 1994.

Desch, Michael C. Civilian Control of the Military. The Jones Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Diamond, Larry, and Plattner, Marc F. The Global Divergence of Democracies. The Johns Hopkins University
Press, 2001.

Diehl, Paul F. The Dynamics of Enduring Rivalries. University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Diehl, Paul F. and Goertz, Gary. War and Peace in International Rivalry. The University of Michigan Press,

Downs, George W. Collective Security Beyond the Cold War. The University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Engelhardt, Tom. The End of Victory Culture: Cold War America and the Disillusioning of a Generation.
University of Massachusetts Press, 1998.

Farrenkopf, John. Prophet of Decline: Spengler on World History and Politics. Louisiana State University Press,

Farnham Barbara. Avoiding Losses/Taking Risks: Prospect Theory and International Conflict. The University of
Michigan Press, 1997.

Fisher, Louis. Presidential War Power. University Press of Kansas, 1995.

Flynn, George Q. The Draft, 1940-1973. University Press of Kansas, 1993.

Foote, Kenneth E. Shadowed Ground: America?s Landscapes of Violence and Tragedy. University of Texas
Press, 1997.

French, Peter A. The Virtues of Vengeance. University Press of Kansas, 2001.

Garver, John W. Protracted Contest: Sino-Indian Rivalry in the Twentieth Century. University of Washington
Press, 2001.

Goldstein, Joshua. War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War Systems and Vice Versa. Cambridge
University Press, 2001.

Gray, Colin S. Modern Strategy. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Grenville, J.A.S. A History of the World in the Twentieth Century, Enlarged. Harvard University Press, 2000.

Guidry, John A., Kennedy, Michael D. and Zaid, Mayer N. Globalizations and Social Movements: Culture,
Power, and the Transnational Public Sphere. The University of Michigan Press, 2001.

Hallett, Brien. The Lost Art of Declaring War. University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Hardt, Michael and Negri, Antonio. Empire. Harvard University Press, 2001.

Hefner, Robert W. The Politics of Multiculturalism: Pluralism and Citizenship in Malaysia, Singapore, and
Indonesia. University of Hawaii Press, 2001.

Hess, Gary R. Presidential Decisions for War. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Jonanthan House. Combined Arms Warfare in the Twentieth Century. University Press of Kansas, 2001.

Hunt, Ben W. Getting to War: Predicting International Conflict with Mass Media Indicators. The University of
Michigan Press, 1997.

Hutchings, Robert L. At the End of the American Century. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

Jackson, Robert. The Global Covenant: Human Conduct in a World of States. Oxford University Press, 2000.

Kaldor, Mary. New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era. Stanford University Press, 1999.

Kanet, Roger. Resolving Regional Conflicts. University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Kolodziej, Edward A., and Kanet, Roger E. Coping With Conflict After the Cold War. The John Hopkins
University Press, 1996.

Knox, MacGregor and Murray, Williamson. The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050. Cambridge
University Press, 2001.

Krieger, Joel. The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World. Oxford University Press, 2001.

Leng, Russell J. Bargaining and Learning in Recurring Crises: The Soviet-American, Egyptian-Israel, and
Indo-Pakistani Rivalries. The University of Michigan Press, 2000.

Lewis, Bernard. The Assassins. Oxford University Press, 1987.

Lipschutz, Ronnie D. After Authority: War, Peace, and Global Politics in the 21st Century. State University of
New York Press, 2000.

Luttwak, Edward. Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace. Harvard University Press, 1987.

Neiberg, Michael. Making Citizen-Soldiers: ROTC and the Ideology of American Military Service. Harvard
University Press, 2001.

O?Neill, Barry. Honor, Symbols, and War. The University of Michigan Press, 2001.

Owens, Bill Admiral. Lifting the Fog of War. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Regan, Patrick M. Civil Wars and Foreign Powers: Outside Intervention in Intrastate Conflict. The University of
Michigan Press, 2000.

Ropp, Theodore. War in the Modern World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Russell, Edmund. War and Nature: Fighting Humans and Insects with Chemicals from World War I to Silent
Spring. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Sarooshi, Danesh. The United Nations and the Development of Collective Security. Oxford University Press,

Skowronek, Stephen. The Politics Presidents Make: Leadership from John Adams to George Bush. Harvard
University Press, 1997.

Stam C. Allan. Win, Lose, or Draw: Domestic Politics and the Crucible of War. The University of Michigan
Press, 1999.

Steinbruner, John D. Principles of Global Security. Brookings Institute Press, 2000.

Tomlinson, John. Globalization and Culture. University of Chicago Press, 1999.

United States Foreign Policy and Intelligence

Boren, David L. and Perkins, Edward J. Preparing America?s Foreign Policy for the Twenty-First Century.
University of Oklahoma Press, 1999.

Craige, Betty Jean. American Patriotism in a Global Society. State University of New York Press, 1996.

Haney, Patrick J. Organizing for Foreign Policy Crises: Presidents, Advisors and the Management of Decision
Making. The University of Michigan Press, 1997.

Hemmer, Christopher. Which Lessons Matter?: American Foreign Policy Decision Making in the Middle East,
1979-1987. State University of New York Press, 2000.

Hollis, Rosemary. Managing New Developments in the Gulf. Brookings Institute Press, 2001.

Kamalipour, Yahya R. Images of the U.S. Around the World: A Multicultural Perspective. State University of New
York Press, 1998.

Lindsay, James and O?Hanion. Defending America: The Case for Limited National Missile Defense. Brookings
Institute Press, 2001.

Litwak, Robert S. Rogue States and U.S. Foreign Policy. The Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2000.

Myers, Robert J. U.S. Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century: The Relevance of Realism. Louisiana State
University Press, 1999.

Nadelmann, Ethan A. Cops Across Borders: The Internationalization of U.S. Criminal Law Enforcement. Pen
State University Press, 1994.

O?Hanion, Michael. Defense Policy Choices for the Bush Administration. Brookings Institute Press, 2001.

Payne, Richard J. The Clash with Distant Cultures: Values, Interests, and Forces in American Foreign Policy.
State University of New York Press, 1995.

Richelson, Jeffrey. America?s Space Sentinels: DSP Satellites and National Security. University Press of
Kansas, 1999.

Rudgers, David R. Creating the Secret State: The Origins of the Central Intelligence Agency, 1943-1947.
University Press of Kansas, 2000.

Stearns, Monteagle. Talking to Strangers: Improving American Diplomacy at Home and Abroad. Princeton
University Press, 1999.

Karabell, Zachary. Architects of Intervention: The United States, the Third World, and the Cold War,
1946-1962. Louisiana State University Press, 1999.

Zimmerman, William. Beyond the Soviet Threat: Rethinking American Security Policy in a New Era. The
University of Michigan Press, 1992.

Peace, International Law, and Justice

Barash, David. Approaches to Peace. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Beer, Francis A. Meanings of War and Peace. Texas A&M University Press, 2001.

Brembeck, Howard S. In Search of the Fourth Freedom. University of Notre Dame Press, 2000.

Burrell, David B. Friendship and Ways to Truth. University of Notre Dame Press, 2000.

Cooper, John Milton, Jr. Breaking the Heart of the World: Woodrow Wilson and the Fight for the League of
Nations. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

De Santis, Hugh. Beyond Progress: An Interpretive Odyssey to the Future. University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Frei, Christop. Hans J. Morgenthau: An Intellectual Biography. Louisiana State University Press, 2001.

Gray, Christine. International Law and the Use of Force. Oxford University Press, 2001.

Jones, Dorothy V. Code of Peace: Ethics and Security in the World of the Warlord States. University of
Chicago Press, 1991.

Kraft, Kenneth. Inner Peace, World Peace: Essays on Buddhism and Nonviolence. State University of New York
Press, 1992.

Marty, Martin E. The One and the Many: America?s Struggle for the Common Good. Harvard University Press,

Minow, Martha. Between Vengeance and Forgiveness: Facing History after Genocide and Mass Violence.
Beacon Press, 1998.

Moynihan, Daniel Patrick. On the Law of Nations. Harvard University Press, 1996.

Nussabaum, Martha. For Love of Country: Debating the Limits of Patriotism. Beacon Press, 1996.

Orend, Brian. War and International Justice: A Kantian Perspective. Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2000.

Pyle, Christopher H. Extradition, Politics, and Human Rights. Temple University Press, 2001.

Rawls, John. The Law of Peoples. Harvard University Press, 1999.

Roth, Brad. Governmental Illegitimacy in International Law. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Rouner, Leroy S. Celebrating Peace. University of Notre Dame Press, 1990.

Schulz, William. In Our Own Best Interest: How Defending Human Rights Benefits All Americans. Beacon Press,

Stafford, William. Down in my Heart: Peace Witness in War Time. Oregon State University Press, 1998.

Zinn, Howard. You Can?t be Neutral on a Moving Train: A Personal History of our Times. Beacon Press, 1994.

Economic Matters

Gillespie, Kate and Henry, Clement M. Oil in the New World Order. University Press of Florida, 1995.

Gilpin, Robert. The Challenge of Global Capitalism: The World Economy in the 21st Century. Princeton
University Press, 2000.

James, Harold. The End of Globalization: Lessons from the Great Depression. Harvard University Press, 2001.

Shy, Oz. The Economics of Network Industries. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Vogel, Harold L. Travel Industry Economics: A Guide for Financial Analysis. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons

Goldstein, Avery. Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century: China, Britain, France, and the Enduring
Legacy of the Nuclear Revolution. Stanford University Press, 2000.

Lavoy, Peter R., Sagan, Scott D., and Wirtz, James D. Planning the Unthinkable: How New Powers Will Use
Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons. Cornell University Press, 2000.

Lederberg, Joshua. Biological Weapons: Limiting the Threat. The MIT Press, 1999.

Paul, T.V. Power Versus Prudence: Why Nations Forgo Nuclear Weapons. McGill-Queen?s University Press,

Perkovich, George. India?s Nuclear Bomb: The Impact on Global Proliferation. University of California Press,

The Middle East and Islamic States


Amery, Hussein A., and Wolf, Aaron T. Water in the Middle East: A Geography of Peace. University of Texas
Press, 2000.

Beinin, Joel. Workers and Peasants in the Modern Middle East. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Berberoglu, Berch. Turmoil in the Middle East: Imperialism, War, and Political Instability. State University of New
York Press, 1999.

Binder, Leonard. Ethnic Conflict and International Politics in the Middle East. University Press of Florida, 1999.

Brom, Shlomo and Shapir, Yiftah. The Middle East Military Balance 1999-2000. The MIT Press, 1999.

Engelmann, Kurt E. and Pavlakovic, Vjeran. Rural Development in Eurasia and the Middle East: Land Reform,
Demographic Change, and Environmental Constraints. University of Washington Press, 2001.

Feldman Shai, and Shapir, Yiftah. The Middle East Military Balance 2000-2001. The MIT Press, 2001.

Freedman, Robert O. The Middle East and the Peace Process: The Impact of the Oslo Accords. University
Press of Florida, 1998.

Henry, Clement M. and Springborg, Robert. Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East,

Heydemann, Steven. War, Institutions and Social Change in the Middle East. University of California Press,

Humphreys, Stephen R. Broad Studies of the Middle East and Islam: Between Memory and Desire: The Middle
East in a Troubled Age. University of California Press, 1999.

Ismael, Tarew Y. Middle East Politics Today: Government and Civil Society. University Press of Florida, 2001

Karsh, Efriam and Karsh, Inari. Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789-1923.
Harvard University Press, 2001.

Kazemi, Farhad and Waterbury, John. Peasants and Politics in the Modern Middle East. University Press of
Florida, 1999.

Lee, Donna and Early, Evelyn A. Everyday Life in the Muslim Middle East, 2nd Ed. Indiana University Press,

Lobban, Richard. Middle Eastern Women and the Invisible Economy. University Press of Florida, 1998.

McAlister, Melani. Epic Encounters: Culture, Media, and U.S. Interests in the Middle East, 1945-2000.
University of California Press, 2001.

Nashat, Guity and Tucker, Judith E. Women in the Middle East and North Africa. Indiana University Press, 1999.

Owen, Roger and Pamuk, Sevket. A History of Middle East Economics in the Twentieth Century. Harvard
University Press, 1999.

Owen, Roger. New Perspectives on Property and Land in the Middle East. Harvard University Press, 2001.

Walker, Annabel. Aurel Stein: Pioneer of the Silk Road. University of Washington Press, 1998.

The Gulf War

Freedman, Lawrence and Karsh, Efraim. The Gulf Conflict, 1990-1991: Diplomacy and War in the New World
Order. Princeton University Press, 1995.

Ismael, Tareq Y. and Ismael, Jacqueline S. The Gulf War and the New World Order: International Relations of
the Middle East. University Press of Florida, 1994.

Renshon, Stanley, A. The Political Psychology of the Gulf War: Leaders, Publics, and the Process of Conflict.
University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993.

Afghanistan and the Taliban

Bradsher, Henry S. Afghan Communism and Soviet Intervention. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Edwards, David B. Heroes of the Age: Moral Fault Lines on the Afghan Frontier. University of California Press,

Gauhari, Farooka. Searching for Saleem: An Afghan Woman?s Odyssey. University of Nebraska Press, 1996.

Giustozzi, Antonio. War, Politics and Society in Afghanistan, 1978-1992. Georgetown University Press, 2000.

Gohari, M.J. Taliban: Ascent to Power. Oxford University Press, 2001.

Goodson, Larry P. Afghanistan?s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban.
University of Washington Press, 2001.

Maley, William. Fundamentalism Reborn? Afghanistan and the Taliban. New York University Press, 1998.

Matinuddin, Kamal. The Taliban Phenomenon, Afghanistan 1994-1997. Oxford University Press, 2000.

Mendelson, Sarah E. Changing Course: Ideas, Politics, and the Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan. Princeton
University Press, 1998.

Rashid, Ahmed. TALIBAN: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia. Yale University Press, 2000.

Palestine and Israel

Abu-Nimer, Mohammed. Dialogue, Conflict Resolution, and Change: Arab-Jewish Encounters in Israel. State
University of New York Press, 1999.

Bartlet, Dana, et al. Both Sides of Peace: Israel and Palestinian Political Poster Art. University of Washington
Press, 1998.

Chacour, Elias with Jensen, Mary. We Belong to the Land: The Story of a Palestinian Israeli Who Lives for
Peace and Reconciliation. University of Notre Dame Press, 2001.

Cheshin, Amir S., Hutman Bill, and Melamed, Avi. Separate and Unequal: The Inside Story of Israeli Rule in
East Jerusalem. Harvard University Press, 2001.

Chmiel, Mark. Elie Wiesel and the Politics of Moral Leadership. Temple University Press, 2001.

Davidson, Lawrence. America?s Palestine: Popular and Official Perceptions from Balfour to Israeli Statehood.
University Press of Florida, 2001.

Freedom, Robert O. Israel?s First Fifty Years. University Press of Florida, 2000.

Ghanem, As?ad. The Palestinian-Arab Minority in Israel, 19482000: A political Study. State University of New
York Press, 2001.

Heller, Joseph. The Birth of Israel, 1945-1949: Ben-Gurion and His Critics. University Press of Florida, 2000.

Kaufman, Ilana. Arab National Communism in the Jewish State. University Press of Florida, 1997.

Kimmerling, Baruch, and Migdal, Joel S. Palestinians: The Making of a People. Harvard University Press, 1994.

Mahler, Gregory S. and Lazin, Frederick A. Israel in the Nineties: Development and Conflict. University Press of
Florida, 1996.

Mishal, Shaul and Sela, Avraham. The Palestinian Hamas: Vision, Violence, and Coexistence. Columbia
University Press, 2000.

Parker, Richard B. The October War: A Retrospective. University Press of Florida, 2001.

Peled, Alisa Rubin. Debating Islam in the Jewish State: The Development of Policy Toward Islamic Institutions in
Israel. State University of New York Press, 2001.

Rabinovich, Itamar. The Brink of Peace: The Israeli-Syrian Negotiations. Princeton University Press, 1999.

Rejwan, Nissim. Israel?s Place in the Middle East: A Pluralist Perspective. University Press of Florida, 1998.

_____________. Israel in Search of Identity: Reading the Formative Years. University Press of Florida, 1999.

Rosenthal, Steven. Irreconcilable Differences: The Waning of the American Jewish Love Affair with Israel.
Brandeis University Press, 2001.

Rubin, Barry. The Transformation of Palestinian Politics: From Revolution to State-Building. Harvard University
Press, 2001.

Sabagh, Suha. Palestinian Women of Gaza and the Left Bank. Indiana University Press, 1998.

Shafir, Gershon and Peled, Yoav. Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship. Cambridge University
Press, 2002.

Pakistan, Central and Southeast Asia

Alaolmolki, Nozar. Life After the Soviet Union: The Newly Independent Republics of the Transcaucasus and
Central Asia. State University of New York Press, November 2001.

Aragon, Lorraine V. Fields of the Lord: Animism, Christian Minorities, and State Development in Indonesia.
University of Hawaii Press, 2000.

Gilmartin, David and Lawrence Bruce B. Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate
South Asia. University Press of Florida, 2000.

Hefner, Robert W. and Horvatich, Patricia. Islam in an Era of Nation-States: Politics and Religious Renewal in
Muslim Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii Press, 1997.

Jawed, Nasim Ahmad. Islam?s Political Culture: Religion and Politics in Predivided Pakistan. University of Texas
Press, 1999.

Kux, Dennis. The United States and Pakistan, 1947-2000. The John Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Majul, Cesar Adib. Muslims in the Phillippines. University of Hawaii Press, 1999.

Riddell,, Peter G. Islam and the Malay-Indonesian World: Transmission and Responses. University of Hawaii
Press, 2001.

Ruffin, Holt M. and Waugh, Daniel. Civil Society in Central Asia. University of Washington Press, 1999.

Soucek, Svat. A History of Inner Asia. Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Wimmel, Kenneth. The Alluring Target: In Search of the Secrets of Central Asia. University of Washington
Press, 1996.

Iran and Iraq

Abrahamian, Ervand. Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran. University of
California Press, 1999.

Ansari, Ali M. Iran, Islam and Democracy: The Politics of Managing Change. Brookings Institute Press, 2001.

Bill, James. The Eagle and the Lion: The Tragedy of American-Iranian Relations. Yale University Press, 1989.
Brumberg, Daniel. Reinventing Khomeini: The Struggle for Reform in Iran. University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Chaqueri, Cosroe. Origins of Social Democracy in Modern Iran. University of Washington Press, 2001.

Majd, Mohammad Gholi. Great Britain and Reza Shah: The Plunder of Iran, 1921-1941. University Press of
Florida, 2001.

____________________. Resistance to the Shah: Landowners and Ulama in Iran. University Press of Florida,

Haselkorn, Avigdor. The Continuing Storm: Iraq, Poisonous Weapons, and Deterrence. Yale University Press,

Makiya, Kanan. Republic of Fear: The Politics of Modern Iraq. University of California Press, 1998.

Mir-Hosseini, Ziba. Islam and Gender: The Religious Debate in Contemporary Iran. Princeton University Press,

Rajaee, Farhang. Iranian Perspectives on the Iran-Iraq War. University Press of Florida, 1997.

Tripp, Charles. A History of Iraq. Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey

Bozdogan, Sibel and Kasaba, Resat. Rethinking Modernity and National Identity in Turkey. University of
Washington Press, 1997.

Baron, Beth. The Women?s Awakening in Egypt: Culture, Society, and the Press. Yale University Press, 1997.

Gomaa, Salwa Sharawi. Environmental Policy Making in Egypt. University Press of Florida, 1997.

Khan, Farid El. The Breakdown of the State in Lebanon, 1967-1976. Harvard University Press, 2000.

Makdisl, Ussama. The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in the 19th-Century Ottoman
Lebanon. University of California Press, 2000.

Meital, Yorman. Egypt?s Struggle for Peace: Continuity and Change, 1967-1977. University Press of Florida,

Shehadeh, Lamia Rustum. Women and War in Lebanon. University Press of Florida, 1999.

Talhami, Ghada Hashem. The Mobilization of Muslim Women in Egypt. University Press of Florida, 1996.

___________________. Syria and the Palestinians: The Clash of Nationalisms. University Press of Florida,

Toth, James. Rural Labor Movements in Egypt and Their Impact on the State, 1961-1992. University Press of
Florida, 1999.

Wedeen, Lisa. Ambiguities of Domination: Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria. University of
Chicago Press, 1999.

Wiktorowicz, Quintan. The Management of Islamic Activism: Salafis, the Muslim Brotherhood, and State Power
in Jordan Quintan Wiktorowicz. State University of New York Press, 2000.

Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen

Dresch, Paul. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Long, David E. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. University Press of Florida, 1997.

Yamani, Mai. Changed Identities: The Challenges of the New Generation of Saudi Arabia. Brookings Institute
Press, 2000.

Algeria, Libya, and Sudan

Anderson, Norman G. Sudan in Crisis: The Failure of Democracy. University Press of Florida, 1999.

El-Kikhia, Mansour. Libya?s Qaddafi: The Politics of Contradiction. University Press of Florida, 1997.

Lesch, Ann Mosley. The Sudan - Contested National Identities. Indiana University Press, 1999.

Naylor, Phillip C. France and Algeria: A History of Decolonization and Transformation. University Press of
Florida, 2000.

Stora, Benjamin. Algeria, 1830-2000: A Short History. Cornell University Press, 2001.

Zoubir, Yahia H. North Africa in Transition: State, Society, and Economic Transformation in the 1990s.
University Press of Florida, 1999.

Fundamentalism and Political Islam

Appleby, Scott R. Spokesmen for the Despised: Fundamentalist Leaders of the Middle East. University of
Chicago Press, 1997.

Bill, James A., and Williams John Alden. Roman Catholics and Shi?i Muslims: Prayer, Passion, and Politics. The
University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Blank, Jonah. Mullahs on the Mainframe: Islam and Modernity Among the Daudi Bohras. University of Chicago
Press, 2001.

Brown, Nathan J. Constitutions in a Nonconstitutional World: Arab Basic Laws and the Prospects for
Accountable Government. State University of New York Press, 2001.

Butterworth, Charles E. and Zartman, William I. Between the State and Islam. Cambridge University Press,
2001. Demerath, N.J. III. Crossing the Gods: World Religious and Worldly Politics. Rutgers University Press,

Esposito, John. The Islamic Threat, 3rd Edition. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Euben, Roxanne L. Enemy in the Mirror: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Limits of Modern Rationalism: A Work
of Comparative Political Theory. Princeton University Press, 1999.

Gerges, Fawaz. America and Political Islam: Clash of Cultures or Clash of Interests? Cambridge University
Press, 1999.

Gopin, Marc. Between Eden and Armageddon: The Future of World Religious, Violence, and Peacemaking.
Oxford University Press, 2000.

Hallaq, Wael B. Authority, Continuity and Change in Islamic Law. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Jansen, Johannes, J.G. The Dual Nature of Islamic Fundamentalism. Cornell University Press, 1997.

Juergensmeyer, Mark. Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence. University of
California Press, 2001.

Khashan, Hilal. Arabs at the Crossroads: Political Identity and Nationalism. University Press of Florida, 2000.

Lawrence, Bruce B. Shattering the Myth: Islam Beyond Violence. Princeton University Press, 2000.

Masters, Bruce. Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism. Cambridge
University Press, 2001.

Moussalli, Ahmad S. The Islamic Quest for Democracy, Pluralism, and Human Rights. University Press of
Florida, 2001.

_________________. Moderate and Radical Islamic Fundamentalism: The Quest for Modernity, Legitimacy,
and the Islamic State. University Press of Florida, 2001.

Partner, Peter. God of Battles: Holy Wars of Christianity and Islam. Princeton University Press, 1998.

Reader, Ian. Religious Violence in Contemporary Japan: The Case of Aum Shinrikyo. University of Hawaii
Press, 2000.

Rejwan, Nissim. The Many Faces of Islam: Perspectives on a Resurgent Civilization. University Press of
Florida, 2000.

Rouner, Leroy S. Religion, Politics, and Peace. University of Notre Dame Press, 1999. Sachedina, Adbulazia.
The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism. Oxford University Press, 2001.

Stark, Rodney. One True God: Historical Consequences of Monotheism. Princeton University Press 2001.

Tibi, Bassam. The Challenge of Fundamentalism: Political Islam and the New World Disorder. University of
California Press, 1998.

Islamic Thought and Culture

Islamic Religion

Berkey, Jonathan. Popular Preaching and Religious Authority in the Medieval Islamic Middle East.University of
Washington Press, 2001.

Bogle, Emory C. Islam: Origin and Belief. University of Texas Press, 1998.

Cook, Michael. The Korean: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2000.

Esposito, John L. et al. World Religions Today. Oxford University Press, 2001.

Madigan, Daniel. The Qur?an?s Self-Image: Writing and Authority in Islam?s Scripture. Princeton University
Press, 2001.

Robinson, Neal. Islam: A Concise Introduction. Georgetown University Press, 1999.

Ruthven, Malise. Islam: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2000.

Shirazi, Faeghen. The Veil Unveiled: The Hijab in Modern Culture. University Press of Florida, 2001.

Zepp, Ira G. A Muslim Primer. University of Arkansas Press, 2000.

Islamic and Arabic Arts, Literature and Language

Ali, Wijdan. Modern Islamic Art: Development and Continuity. University Press of Florida, 1997.

Bozdogan, Sibel. Modernism and Nation-Building: Turkish Architectural Culture in the Early Republic. University
of Washington Press, 2001.

Brustad, Kristen E. The Syntax of Spoken Arabic. Georgetown University Press, 2000.

Khalidi, Tarif. The Muslim Jesus: Sayings and Stories in Islamic Literature. Harvard University Press, 2001.

Ryding, Karin C. Early Medieval Arabic. Georgetown University Press, 1998.

Sullivan, Zohreh T. Exiled Memories: Stories of the Iranian Diaspora. Temple University Press, 2001.

Tabbaa, Yasser. The Transformation of Islamic Art During the Sunni Revival. University of Washington Press,

Islamic and Arabic History and Philosophy

Afsaruddin, Asthma. Hermeneutics and Honor: Negotiating Female ?Public? Space in Islamic/ate Societies.
Harvard University Press, 2000.

Arnaldez, Roger. A Rationalist in Islam. University of Notre Dame Press, 2000.

Esposito, John L. The Oxford History of Islam. Oxford University Press, 2000.

_____________. Daughters of Abraham: Feminist Thought in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. University
Press of Florida, 2001.

Levtzion, Nehemia and Pouwells, Randall L. The History of Islam in Africa. Ohio University Press, 2000.

Majid, Anouar. Unveiling Traditions: Postcolonial Islam in a Polycentric World. Duke University Press, 2000.

Reeves, Minou. Muhammad in Europe: A Thousand Years of Western Myth-Making. New York University
Press, 2001.

Ruthven, Malise. Islam in the World. Oxford University Press, 2000.

Safran, Janina M. The Second Umayyad Caliphate: The Articulation of Caliphal Legitimacy in al-Andalus.
Harvard University Press, 2001.

Toledano, Ehud R. Slavery and Abolition in the Ottoman Middle East. University of Washington Press, 1997.

Torday, Laszio. Mounted Archers: The Beginnings of Central Asian History. University of Washington Press,

Wasus, Anmina. Qur?an and Woman. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Arab and Muslim Communities Around the World

Abraham, Nabeel and Shryock, Andrew. Arab Detroit: From Margin to Mainstream. Wayne State University
Press, 2000.

Aswad, Barbara C. and Bilge, Barbara. Family and Gender Among American Muslims: Issues Facing Middle
Eastern Immigrants and Their Descendants. Temple University Press, 1996.

Khan, Shahnaz. Muslim Women: Crafting a North American Identity. University Press of Florida, 2000.

Suleiman, Michael W. Arabs in America: Building a New Future. Temple University Press, 1999.

Walbridge, Linda S. Without Forgetting the Iman: Lebanese Shi?ism in an American Community. Wayne State
University Press, 1997.

Aviation/Airport Security

National Research Council. Airline Passenger Security Screening: New Technologies and Implementation
Issues. National Academy Press, 1996.

National Research Council. Detection of Explosives for Commercial Aviation Security. National Academy Press,

Pizer, Harry and Sloan, Steven. Corporate Aviation Security: The Next Frontier in Aerospace Operations.
University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.

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