Federalists and Antifederalists

Federalist Political Party

Members: Robert Morris, John Jay, James Madison, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton and Henry

=subscribed to a broad interpretation of the Constitution; believed in a loose interpretation of Art I Sec 8
- the necessary and proper clause =favored a strong executive and national judiciary =government's
role is to foster trade and commerce =favored the national government to fund the debt incurred by the
states during the revolutionary war to make the national government appear to be strong and solvent
for foreign investments =favored a national excise tax =favored a national bank =favored a protective
tariff to "protest" American businesses from foreign competition =believed in a large peacetime army
=did not want territorial expansion into the west for fear that the new states would form a coalition which
would eventually control the national government =basically had an elitist bias and therefore had little
sympathy for democratic reform -passed the Alien and Sedition Acts which protected the national
government from criticism.

Anti-Federalist Party (Democratic/Republican Party)

Members: Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, Robert Lee, and James Warren.

=believed in a strict interpretation of the constitution and a broad interpretation of Amendment Ten (the
reserved clause-whatever powers that are not specifically enumerated to the national government
belong to the state governments) =the national government's primary role was to protect the nation from
foreign invasion =favored a balanced executive: one that is not dominated by the "aristocratic" senate,
nor an executive that would evolved into a monarchy =James Madison and Thomas Jefferson penned
the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions which advocated the rights of the states to declare congressional
acts null and void =emphasized the rights of the states and individuals =wanted the least amount of
national taxes =reduced the diplomatic corps abroad to a minimum =favored a small army and navy
=advocated democratic reforms like abolishment of entails, elimination of primogeniture, separation of
church and state, free general education and a free library system.